So, you’re here. Great. First thing, it’s important to understand that “comics” is the overarching descriptor for the medium. The Comics medium consists of several formats, including the following:
- Graphic Novel – A graphic novel is a book made up of comics content. Although the word “novel” normally refers to long fictional works, the term “graphic novel” is applied broadly and includes fiction, non-fiction, and anthologized work. It is distinguished from the term “comic book”, which is generally used for comics periodicals. (Wikipedia)
- Floppy (Comic Book) – a periodical comic, typically 22 pages long and part of an ongoing story arc.
- Trade Paperback – A thicker comic book that collects around six issues of floppies without interspersed ads. These are usually printed on slightly heavier paper with a cardstock cover. Unless the story arc is only six issues long, trade paperbacks are part of a longer, ongoing story arc.
- Web Comic – (also known as online comics or Internet comics) are comics published on a website. While many are published exclusively on the web, others are also published in magazines, newspapers or in books (Wikipedia)
- Panels – squares or rectangles that contain a single scene
- Gutters – space between panels where the reader infers movement and action between panels
- Frame – lines or boxes around a panel(s)
- Dialog Balloons – contain character dialogue; communication between/among characters
- Thought Balloons – contain a character’s thoughts
- Captions – contain information about a scene or character
- Graphic weight – a term that describes the way some images draw the eye more than others, creating a definite focus using color and shading in various ways
- Writer – The writer writes the story and has the overall vision of how the story will go. They write the dialogue and how the story will progress.
- Penciler – Primary artist. This person takes the script and draws the comic. They draw the comic in pencil which then gets inked and colored later on.
- Colorist – This person gives the comic color, and add to the weight and vibrancy of the image. The colorist is often responsible for helping set tone and mood via color.